Scope of Endocrinology

Scope of Endocrinology on August 21st, 2011 Comments Off on Scope of Endocrinology

Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that concerns the study of hormones and its disorders. The endocrine system consists of several glands located in different parts of the body, that secrete hormones.

The endocrine disorders are a varied group of diseases that usually occur due to hypofunctioning or hyperfunctioning of these glands.

Diabetes, the most common endocrine disorder encountered in clinical practice, occurs due to decreased secretion of insulin, a hormonal product from pancreas, an endocrine gland. The common endocrine disorders are the following.

A. Diabetes
B. Thyroid disorders – hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid tumors
C. Pituitary disorders – pituitary tumors, raised pituitary hormone levels (e.g. Prolactin, GH, etc.), deficiency of pituitary hormones, diabetes insipidus
D. Adrenal disorders – Adrenal tumors, Cushing’s syndrome, Pheochromocytoma, adrenal failure
E. Polycystic ovary syndrome and other causes of hirsuitism and virilisation
F. Male reproductive disorders – Male infertility, erectile dysfunction, hypogonadism
G. Disorders of growth – Growth hormone deficiency and other causes of short stature, Growth hormone excess and other causes of excessive gain in height
H. Disorders of puberty – delayed puberty, precocious (premature) puberty
I. Disorders of sexual development – Small penis, hidden testis, genital ambiguity, gynecomastia (development of breast tissue in males), Turner’s syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome
J. Metabolic bone disorders – Osteoporosis, Vitamin D deficiency, Rickets, Osteomalacia, Hyperparathyroidism
K. Obesity and overweight
L. Dyslipidemia – disorders related to cholesterol
M. Other hormonal disorders – Insulinoma, neuroendocrine tumors, MEN syndrome, PGA syndrome, etc.

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